Plasma Skin Resurfacing/Rejuvenation
Plasma skin resurfacing is a procedure that uses thermal energy to reveal youthful, rejuvenated facial skin. It differs from previous treatments because, rather than removing the surface layer of the skin, it stimulates a natural rejuvenation process below the top layer to improve skin tone and texture. PSR uses an ultra-high frequency (UHF) generator to convert inert nitrogen gas into activated ionised gas, which is called plasma. This plasma energy is directed through the tip of the hand piece onto the targeted area, and the energy is absorbed by the targeted skin cells. This damages the cell, which encourages regeneration and regrowth.
The plasma (thermal) energy is delivered deep into the skin without disturbing the skin’s surface. This creates ideal conditions in the lower layers of the skin and stimulates natural growth and rejuvenation factors, such as collagen. As the new skin begins to develop, old cells on the surface of the skin will begin to shed to make room for the healthy ones.
As PSR is a non-ablative procedure (far less invasive, they work by heating up the targeted tissue, without actually destroying it. This process stimulates your body’s collagen production by inducing a controlled injury in the dermis without injuring the skins surface), the skin heals rapidly. The plasma energy beneath the surface of the skin continues to work over time, so continued improvement to the skin is often seen for up to a year after the initial treatment.
A full face, high energy plasma skin resurfacing treatment costs approximately £3,000, with a low energy version priced at approximately £900. Smaller treatments, such as around the eyes or around the mouth can cost approximately £900.
To reduce discomfort and any pain associated with the treatment a topical anaesthetic will be applied to the skin before treatment begins to numb the area a little more.
During treatment, the practitioner will pass the hand piece over your skin, delivering targeted plasma energy across the epidermis. You may experience a feeling of heat during treatment, although with the use of the topical anaesthetic it should be relatively painless.
The collagen regeneration process typically begins almost immediately with some visible, tightening results seen straight away after treatment.
A full face treatment usually takes around 45 minutes, with peri-orbital (around the eyes) and peri-oral (around the mouth) treatments taking around 10-15 minutes per session. You may wish to rest for a little while following the treatment session, depending on the energy levels used and your toleration to discomfort, and then you will be free to go home.
Recovery following a low energy treatment will take approximately 3-4 days, while recovery following a high energy treatment will take approximately 10-14 days.
Side effects are usually minimal from plasma skin resurfacing treatment but can include skin discolouration, shedding, flaking, scaling, crusting and peeling.
These side effects typically resolve within 7-10 days. You may also experience some redness and swelling, as well as some temporary hyperpigmentation (darker areas of skin).
HydraFacial uses patented vortex technology to deliver a hydrating facial. A HydraFacial treatment will increase skin hydration, tone, plumpness and give a clearer complexion. This in turn reduces fine lines and wrinkles, increases firmness, evens tone and texture, reduces brown spots and enlarged pores.
The HydraFacial is a non-evasive treatment using a medical grade machine and a handheld device with different heads depending on the different stage in the procedure. There are 4 stages to the procedure all using the handheld device.
Stage 1 is exfoliation. A water-based solution is blasted over the skin at the same time as the spiral suction tip. This removes all the dead skin cells and sebum (oily secretions) from the skin.
Stage 2 applies salicylic and glycolic acid (very mild acids used in chemical peels) to the skin to break up any dirt and oil that is clogging the pores. Your practitioner will discuss the strength of acid used with you. If you have sensitive skin, a lower dose will be recommended.
Stage 3 uses painless suction to remove black heads and any other impurities. Mainly over the T-Zone but can be used over any area that has lots of impurities.
Stage 4 applies an antioxidant formula with peptides and hyaluronic acid.
All 4 stages involve the practitioner moving the device over the face and neck throughout each stage. The treatment will last about 45 minutes.
Downtime is a few hours; you may be a little red for a few hours post HydraFacial. You may experience flaking and peeling on the 2nd or 3rd day. This can last for a couple of days. Do not pick at the skin just remove loose flakes. It is best not to put makeup on straight after a treatment. 6 hours later or the following day is best and as always, sunscreen is a must.
Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure that uses fine crystals or a diamond tip wand and a vacuum to remove dead skin cells. It can be used on the face, neck, chest, back and hands. The aim is to reduce fine lines, minor scars, wrinkles, and age spots and make the skin smoother and younger looking.
Microdermabrasion was originally developed as a clinical way to treat the raised scars of burn victims and smooth out their skin. Developed in the late 80’s, the procedure has changed over time and become a popular beauty treatment.
There are 2 types of microdermabrasion
Crystal microdermabrasion uses a crystal-emitting hand piece that gently sprays fine crystals over the skin while also sucking away they used crystals, dead skin, and dirt. There are a few types of crystals that can be used. Aluminium oxide (corundum) crystals are typically used because they are nearly as hard as diamonds. Magnesium oxide, sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), and even sodium chloride (salt) crystals are alternative options.
Due to the irregular shape of the crystals, crystal microdermabrasion can be to abrasive for people with conditions such as rosacea that stem from inflammation. This method is highly dependent on the machines force of crystal flow and suction. Crystals are often left behind on the skin.
Diamond Tip Microdermabrasion
Diamond Tip Microdermabrasion uses a diamond encrusted tip that is passed over the skin instead of using crystals. Diamond tip microdermabrasion is much more precise then crystal microdermabrasion and the practitioner has control over the amount of pressure that is applied when using the wand. Due to the nature of the diamond tip, the practitioner can get much closer to more delicate areas such as round the mouth and eyes without the risk of crystals being ingested or entering the eye.
What is the difference between the two types?
The simplest explanation between the two, think sandblasting for crystal microdermabrasion method and sand papering for diamond tip microdermabrasion method. While crystal microdermabrasion is more traditional it is slowly being overtaken by diamond tip microdermabrasion because of its gentler application and accuracy.
Your practitioner will cleanse your skin and use either of the two microdermabrasion methods. Once completed, you will have your skin cleansed again and sunscreen applied. The procedure takes around 45 minutes. There is very little down time. You may experience some redness for the first 4-6 hours.